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GNSS antenna selection

The Vision-RTK2's GNSS receivers require signals located at the L1 and L2 bands for adequate operation. Based on our internal testing, we recommend using helical antennas with a gain of around 35 dB. For reference, our evaluation kit ships with two Hi-Target AH-3232 antennas. The frequency response of the GNSS antennas should be approximately located at the [1195 - 1280] MHz and [1560 - 1610] MHz bands. On top of that, for helical antennas, we recommend a noise figure lower than 1.5 dB.

Other antenna types (e.g., patch, short helical) should be evaluated carefully depending on their placement with respect to other electrical components and the shape of the ground plane provided for them. Thus, besides using a suitable and good antenna (and appropriate cabling), the placement of the antenna is important. See below and for example the following u-blox document: ZED-F9P_IntegrationManual_UBX-18010802.pdf

For more information regarding antenna types, this article might be of interest:

Antenna assemblies that combine multiple antennas (such as, GNSS, Wi-Fi and cellular) in once casing are not recommended at all. While such antennas work fine for autonomous standard (C/A only) GNSS, they are likely to have bad performance for high-precision GNSS that require phase measurements, such as RTK. Also, the GNSS performance may depend on activity of the other antennas (Wi-Fi signal strength, cellular band used, etc.).

For further analysis, besides analyzing the position estimate performance of the sensor, one can look at the "Receiver RF AGC" value located at the advanced "GNSS status" tab in the Web Interface. The expected values should ideally be located between 20 and 80 percent. For additional information, see also the following U-Blox document:

Only active antennas (with a built-in LNA) are suitable for the VRTK2 sensor.

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